Magnet Materials

Dura Magnetics, Inc. stocks alnico magnets, bonded magnets, ceramic (ferrite) magnets, flexible rubber magnets, and neodymium iron boron (NdFeb) along with samarium cobalt rare earth magnets & assemblies magnetic materials for fabrication and distribution. Many standard magnetic alloy materials, grades, and geometries (shapes) are available for immediate use. Dura will also fabricate from inventoried permanent magnet material to your specific requirements.

Diversity exists between the varieties of magnetic alloy materials and grades. Each permanent magnetic material has unique advantages and disadvantages. We suggest that you contact our customer support team so your application can be reviewed. We will then be able to select appropriate magnetic material for your application.

A brief description of commercially available magnetic materials is listed below. A more rigorous explanation and technical characteristics of the magnetic alloy materials are available on their individual pages.

Magnetic Alloys

Below is a list of the magnetic materials we have available for assemblies:

Alnico magnet alloy is largely comprised of Aluminum, Iron, Cobalt and Nickel. Alnico is a moderately expensive magnet material because of the Cobalt and Nickel content. Alnico magnet alloy has high maximum operating temperature and a very good corrosion resistance. Some grades of Alnico alloy can operate upwards of 5500C. Magnets made with this alloy are available in a variety of grades and dimensions and they are usually cast and finish ground to size. Alnico magnet material is an older technology and it has a rather low Energy Product (BHmax). Alnico magnet alloy is now mainly used in military, aerospace, older proprietary designs and in applications where the magnet will be exposed to elevated temperatures.

Samarium Cobalt Magnets (SmCo) and Neodymium Iron Boron Magnets (NdFeB) are called Rare Earth Magnets because Neodymium and Samarium are found in the rare earth elements on the periodic table. Both Samarium Cobalt and Neodymium magnet alloys are powdered metals which are compacted in the presence of a strong magnetic field and are then sintered.

(NdFeB) Neodymium a rare earth magnet, or Neo, is made up of Neodymium Iron and Boron and is moderate in price. With poor corrosion resistance neodymium iron boron magnet is usually plated or coated (Examples: Nickel Plated, Epoxy Coated, Parylene Coated). Neodymium magnets are offered in a range of operating temperatures depending on your application (80°C to 200°C). Premium Neodymium magnetic materials is capable of operating above 120°C can become quite expensive. This permanent super magnetic material has many intellectual property rights associated with it and there are a limited number of licensed manufacturers in the world. Many infringing manufacturers from the Pacific-rim dump subpar magnetic material into the Western markets. This magnetic material is extremely powerful and it has allowed for the downsizing of many products from HDD (Hard Disc Drives) and motors to novelties and audio devices. Neodymium permanent magnets usually offer the best value when comparing price and performance.

Samarium Cobalt, another rare earth magnet, is made up of largely Cobalt and Samarium and it is the most expensive magnetic material to manufacture and to fabricate. Most of the cost is due to the high Cobalt content and the brittle nature of the Samarium alloy. This permanent magnetic material offers high resistance to corrosion and it can withstand high operating temperatures, up to 350°C. Samarium Cobalt magnetic materials are used extensively in the aerospace market or in areas of industry where performance is the priority concern and cost is secondary. Samarium Cobalt magnets is the second most powerful magnetic material and it exhibits excellent resistance to demagnetization.

Ceramic magnet material (Ferrite) is Strontium Ferrite. Ceramic magnet material (Ferrite) is one of the most cost effective magnetic materials manufactured in industry. The low cost is due to the cheap, abundant, and non-strategic raw materials used in manufacturing this alloy. The permanent Ceramic magnets made with this material lend themselves to large production runs. Ceramic magnet material (Ferrite) has a fair to good resistance to corrosion and it can operate in moderate heat. The majority of the worlds Ceramic magnetic material comes from China because of the alloys commodity nature and the high tooling costs found in the west. Ceramic (Ferrite) magnets have a low Energy Product and they are usually used in an assembly containing mild steel.

Bonded magnet materials can be made from Ceramic, NdFeB, or SmCo powders which are combined with a variety of plastic binders (Matrix). They can be either Injection Molded or Compression Bonded into complex magnet shapes with finished dimensions. Bonded magnet materials have a moderate resistance to corrosion and a low tolerance to heat because of the binder material. Bonded magnet materials are commonly used in automotive parts because they lend themselves to large production quantities and complex shape can be produced at a low cost.